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A Simple Method To Improve Ensemble-based Ozone Forecasts


Forecasts from seven air quality models and ozone data collected over the eastern USA and southern Canada during July and August 2004 are used in creating a simple method to improve ensemble-based forecasts of maximum daily 1-hr and 8-hr averaged ozone concentrations. The method minimizes least-square error of ensemble forecasts by assigning weights for its members. The real-time ozone (O-3) forecasts from this ensemble of models are statistically evaluated against the ozone observations collected for the AIRNow database comprising more than 350 stations. Application of this method is shown to significantly improve overall statistics ( e. g., bias, root mean square error, and index of agreement) of the weighted ensemble compared to the averaged ensemble or any individual ensemble member. If a sufficient number of observations is available, we recommend that weights be calculated daily; if not, a longer training phase will still provide a positive benefit.

Article / Publication Data
Available Metadata
Accepted On
March 16, 2005
Fiscal Year
Publication Name
Geophysical Research Letters
Published On
April 01, 2005
Publisher Name
Amer Geophysical Union
Print Volume
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Not available


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