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Diagnosis of Three-dimensional Water Vapor Using A GPS Network


In recent years techniques have been developed to obtain integrated water vapor along slant paths between ground-based Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers and the GPS satellites. Results are presented of an observing system simulation (OSS) to determine whether three-dimensional water vapor fields could be recovered from a high-resolution network (e.g., with 40-km spacing) of GPS receivers, in combination with surface moisture observations and a limited number of moisture soundings. The paper describes a three-dimensional variational analysis (3DVAR) that recovers the moisture field from the slant integrated water vapor and other observations. Comparisons between ``nature'' moisture fields taken from mesoscale models and fields recovered using 3DVAR are presented. It is concluded that a high-resolution network of GPS receivers may allow diagnosis of three-dimensional water vapor, with applications for both positioning and mesoscale weather prediction.

Article / Publication Data
Available Metadata
Accepted On
January 05, 2001
Fiscal Year
Publication Name
Monthly Weather Review
Published On
January 05, 2001
Publisher Name
Amer Meteorological Soc
Print Volume
Print Number
Submitted On
June 26, 2000


Not available


Authors who have authored or contributed to this publication.