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A Study of Gravity Waves Generated By Convective Systems In ETA Model Forecasts


Spectral filtering and visualization reveal a multitude of gravity waves in the fine mesh (29 km) Eta model output, extending into the ``large scale,'' masking the vertical motions associated with Rossby-modes. The 6h forecast of the Era model from 00 UTC 22 December 1994 initialization contains gravity waves recognizable over a broad spectrum of wavelengths as concentric circles radiating outward from centers of model convection. Contamination of the signal is therefore identifiable in any spectral range, as rings. Postprocessing techniques are presented to eliminate gravity wave contamination and to reveal the meteorologically significant signal. Low-pass filtering is found to be an effective means of extracting the Rossby signal, but with loss in Rossby signal that renders the results obtained with a high resolution model no better than what could have been obtained from a coarser resolution model. Time filtering, is suggested as a more effective method for eliminating the effects of fast modes while maintaining mesoscale details of the slow modes.}

Article / Publication Data
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Fiscal Year
Publication Name
Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics
Published On
January 01, 1998
Publisher Name
Springer Verlag Wien
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