Malaquías Peña authored and/or contributed to the following articles/publications.
Weather manifests in spatiotemporally coherent structures. Weather forecasts hence are affected by both positional and structural or amplitude errors. This has been long recognized by practicing forecasters (cf., e.g., Tropical Cyclone track and intensity errors). Despite the emergence in recent decades of various objective methods for the diagn...Institution National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration - NOAA
Accurate estimates of error variances in numerical analyses and forecasts (i.e. difference between analysis or forecast fields and nature on the resolved scales) are critical for the evaluation of forecasting systems, the tuning of data assimilation (DA) systems and the proper initialisation of ensemble forecasts. Errors in observations and the ...Institution National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration - NOAA